*For a general introduction to terpenes as a whole, check out The Dirt on Terpenes.
The Fresh Scent of Pine
Before we even begin an exploration of pinene, I’m sure you’ve already drawn the conclusion that it’s the terpene responsible for the fresh, piney scent of some strains. In the natural world, pinene is also found in pine trees (of course), rosemary, and basil.
But there are actually two types of pinene. The potent, signature piney scent of alpha-pinene, along with its antimicrobial and antifungal properties, finds it often used in cleaning products. Beta-pinene has the more earthy scent found in herbs like dill or parsley.
Widespread and Promising
Alpha-pinene is the most widely found terpene in nature. Traditional healers have tapped into this terpene through the use of bark or other pinene-heavy herbs in holistic treatments. Given its pervasiveness in nature and the history humans have forged with it, scientists have been closely examining its pharmacological effects. One summation article that compared multiple studies called it “A Miracle Gift of Nature” due to its wide-ranging therapeutic potential. A range of published studies suggest that alpha-pinene may be helpful in increasing alertness and combatting THC-induced memory loss, treating allergies, reducing anxiety, and reducing inflammation and pain levels.
Where to Find Pinene
Leafly points out that pinene is rarely the primary terpene in cannabis strains, but can often be the second most prominent terpene. And you don’t need to stick to only piney smelling strains. Fruity strains like Blue Dream, Mimosa, and Strawberry Cough are all high in pinene, alongside more traditionally piney and earthy strains like Jack Herer and OG Kush.